What is Sa`y?

Sa’y is one of the conditions of Hajj and Umrah and it is shuttling seven times between the two hills of Safa and Marwah. Allah (swt) ordered it wajeebs  for muslims due to sincerety and obedience of Hager.

The Wajeebs of Sa`y

  • Performing Sa`y on foot unless you are disabled, elderly or ill
  • Complete Sa`y in seven passages

The Sunnah of  Sa`y

  • Performing Sa`y upon completion tawaf
  • Cleannes
  • Getting Wudhu
  • Pointing blackstone by the palms of your hand on the way to Sa`y
  • Stand on both Safa and Marwah by facing Kaaba
  • Praying by facing Kaaba on Safa and Marwah
  • Men running under the green marker and normal walkin on the rest
  • Completing shuttle with no stopping
  • Praying, reciting Qur`an and reading Takbir during Sa`y

How to perform Sa`y:

After pointing blackstone by the palms of your hand: You are now ready to perform the Sa’y, the shuttling between the two hills of Safa and Marwah.  As you approach Safa, you recite the Quranic verse:

“Verily, Safa and Marwah are among the shrines of Allah”.

You should now ascend Safa and, facing the Kaaba, make whatever supplication you choose. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), when he stood on Safa, proclaimed three times “There is no god but Allah”.

You should now proceed towards Marwah, walking at a normal pace until you reach the green marker. Men, if they are able, should run until they reach the next green marker, whereupon they should revert to a normal walking pace until you reach Marwah. Women should proceed throughout at normal walking pace. The area between the two markers is where Haajar used to hear her baby Ishmael crying out of thirst while she was looking for help. She ran whenever she heard his cries. When you stand on Marwah, face the Qibla, and repeat the prayers and supplications you voiced at Safa. You are now ready to make the return journey, walking where you should walk and, if a man, running, if able, where you should run. This is your second passage.

You should now repeat the procedure until you have completed seven passages, ending your Sa’y at Marwah. While performing Sa’y, you should pray to Allah as you wish and recite verses from the Holy Qur’an.

On completion of Sa’y, men may shave their heads or shorten/clip their hair. Women should clip their hair one or two centimeters. (If the Umrah is a precursor to performing Hajj, men may not want to shave their heads but merely clip their hair so that there will be enough hair to shave when performing Hajj.)

The Umrah rituals are now concluded and the pilgrim may change into every day clothes. The prohibitions on conduct during Umrah are now ended.